Jews from Timisoara

Personalitati de prima marime

De-a lungul secolelor, putem urmari rolul pe care l-au avut evreii la inflorirea vietii economice si culturale a orasului de pe Bega. Industriasi, conducatori de mari intreprinderi si banci, medici, avocati, profesori reputati, editori de ziare si reviste, membrii comunitatii mozaice au inghitit peisajul multietnic al acestor pamanturi. Pentru meritele de care au dat dovada unii reprezentanti ai comunitatii evreiesti din Timisoara, au fost innobilati cu titlul de “baron”. Cea mai de seama personalitate a evreimii banatene a fost baronul Ignatz S. Eisenstadter, din Buzias, presedinte al Comunitatii Evreilor, in 1866, si al organizatiei “Hevra Kadisha”. El a desfasurat numeroase opere de mecenat si a sprijinit propasirea socio-culturala a urbei. La inhumarea sa au luat parte 10000 de persoane din Timisoara si din imprejurimi, reprezentand toate nationalitatile ce convietuiau in Banat. Primul deputat evreu din regiunea Banatuluia fost Frederic Hajdu, iar Armin Breir a fost medicul sef al comitatului Timis. Chemarea evreilor catre profesia de gazetar s-a manifestat in modul cel mai evident si la inceputul secolului trecut, Nicolae Lendvai ocupand functia de redactor-sef al principalului ziar in limba maghiara, iar Samuel Kasztriener conducea publicatia “Temeswarer Volksblatt”. Unitatea bancara condusa de Sigismund Szana a creat edificii industriale cu peste o mie de locuri de munca, lucru care, la acea vreme, a contribuit la cresterea nivelului de trai al locuitorilor acestui oras. Directorii Fabricii “Industria Lanii”, Alexandru Naschitt si Victor Klein, erau in acelasi timp, presedinti ai Asociatiei Industriasilor din Banat. Ei se inscriu intr-o foarte lunga lista de conducatori de unitati economice, dintre care enumeram doar pe Alexandru Bernstein, directorul Fabricii de Manusi, Ernest Vermer, directorul Fabricii de Manusi, Leon Gaus, directorul Fabricii de Umbrele, Oscar Szidon, directorul faimoasei Fabrici de Bere de la Timisoara. Daca azi in Israel, Statele Unite, Canada, Germania sunt numeroase personalitati ce provin din urbea banateana, mica obste evreiasca din Timisoara, ce numara acum aproximativ 600 de suflete, are in randurile sale cateva nume ce fac cinste intregii comunitati. Sa ne gandim doar la prof. dr. Benedict Menkes, biochimistul prof. dr. Geza Deutsch, hematologul dr. Gheorghe Rudas, stomatologul prof. dr. Robert Nussbaum, prof. dr. Mihai Elias, prof. dr. Maria Neumann, o reputata matematiciana, si istoricul Victor Neumann, cercetator ce s-a aplecat, de-a lungul anilor. Asupra studierii istoriei comunitatii evreiesti banatene.

Exemple stralucite:

TOMA HIRTH. S-a nascut la 5 ianuarie 1937, in Timisoara. Este absolvent al Institutului de Arte Plastice “Nicolae Grigorescu” Bucuresti, sectia pictura, clasa profesorului Alexandru Ciucurencu, promotia 1964. Intre 1964-1971, este profesor la Liceul de Arta din Craiova si lucreaza la Muzeul de Arta din Craiova. Din 1979, este profesor la Scoala nr. 146 din Bucuresti, membru al Uniunii Artistilor Plastici din Romania. Expune, din 1964, la expozitii colective, organizate de Uniunea Artistilor Plastici. Participari internationale: 1991 – Paris – Galeria Drout Richelieu, “Arta romaneasca contemporana”; 1922 – Debergen – Olanda; 1993 – Wiesbaden – Germania, “Arta romaneasca contemporana”. Are lucrari in muzee si colectii particulare din Olanda, Franta, Israel, Italia, Belgia, Germania, Canada, Statele Unite.

PRIM RABIN DR. ERNEST NEUMANN. S-a nascut la 12 ianuarie 1917, in comuna Ceica. Studii liceale si teologice la Oradea. Intre 1935-1940, a urmat Seminarul Rabinic si Facultatea de Filologie, Limbi Semitice si Istorie Orientala, din Budapesta. In 1940, si-a sustinut doctoratul. In 1941 – examenul de capacitate pentru a putea profesa in tara. Din 1941 pana azi, este rabin al obstii evreiesti din Timisoara si decan de varsta al reprezentantilor cultelor din acest oras. A participat la numeroase congrese rabinice in Israel, la centenarul Seminarului Rabinic din Budapesta (1977) si, in 1988, la un Congres al Miscarii Iudeo-Crestine, tot in capitala Ungariei. Este unul dintre promotorii miscarii ecumenice din Timisoara.
Oscar Schwartz – (articol scris pe cand acesta inca mai traia) Un zâmbet fin şi prietenesc întâmpină orice tânăr ce vrea să îi adreseze o întrebare, aceasta fiind, de fapt, cea mai mare bucurie a sa după ce a cercetat ani de-a rândul istoria comunităţii iudaice fără a putea să îşi împărtăşească cunoştiinţele acumulate celor mai tineri. Nu îl sperie nici cunoştinţele minimale şi nici ignoranţa. Şi azi el scrie şi lucrează în fiecare zi. Nu îi este nicidecum uşor, fapt ce cu discreţie îl mărturiseşte… Domnia-sa a fost până de curând cooficiant al sinagogii din Fabric, unde l-a acompaniat într-o perfectă simbioză pe Prim Rabinul dr. Ernest Neumann. Cine este acest om de care cei mai mulţi se apropie ca de un bunic plin de căldură? Născut în septembrie 1910 la Viena, a urmat cursurile Academiei de Ştiinţe Economice şi Facultatea de Filosofie din Viena. Cariera didactică a început-o la Sighet şi, din fericire, a părăsit acest oraş înaintea tragicelor evenimente ce au marcat comunitatea evreiască de acolo. La Timişoara a fost cel care “a pus pe picioare”, două şcoli medii (Şcoala Medie Tehnică şi Şcoala Tehnică de Administraţie Economică). Pasionat, deopotrivă, de matematică, literatură şi istorie, domnia-sa s-a aplecat asupra studierii vieţii evreieşti din arealul european, concentrându-se cu preponderenţă asupra meleagurilor noastre. Îl poţi găsi oricând în lumea ideilor, studiind ori o formulă de matematică, ori traducând în română poeziile lui Nicolaus Lenau, iar, de cele mai multe ori, citind tomuri de mii de pagini despre istoria evreimii.

Anavi Adam  – (articol scris pe cand acesta inca mai traia) Poet, dramaturg, scriitor, profesor, Frucht Francisc, cunoscut în lumea literară timişoreană ca Anavi Adam, este una dintre figurile pitoreşti ale urbei. Ajuns şi el la venerabila vârstă de 94 de ani, este la fel de activ ca în anii tinereţii. Minte clară şi critică, mereu creativă, Anavi Adam încearcă, trecând peste lipsa investiţiilor din cultură, să îşi vadă piesele puse în scenă… În urmă cu exact un an domnia-sa a fost recompensat cu titlul onorific acordat de Consiliul Local Timişoara pentru întreaga activitate literară care a condus la creşterea prestigiului Timişoarei.

Ioan Holender – Când în Timişoara comunitatea evreilor număra 12.000 de suflete am fi avut poate nevoie de pagini întregi pentru a enumera personalităţile ce au îmbogăţit prin contribuţia lor viaţa cetăţii. Azi, însă, prezentul pare foarte arid în comparaţie cu trecutul. Totuşi, cea mai importantă figură a comunităţii evreieşti peste hotare, fiind şi un simbol al oraşului de pe Bega, este azi Ioan Holender. Directorul uneia dintre cele mai importante instituţii muzicale din lume, acesta a primit titlul de cetăţean de onoare al urbei şi cea mai înaltă distincţie a prefecturii Timiş. Personalitate aflată la răscrucea dintre stilul boem şi concreteţea managerială, “Holi” cum îl numesc prietenii săi din Timişoara, a dezvoltat o filosofie de viaţă originală pe care o împărtăşeşte, între două ţigări, tuturor celor care îi câştigă interesul.

Abraham Klein (referee) –  (Hebrew: אברהם קליין‎), (born March 29, 1934) is a Romanian-born Israeli former international football referee. He refereed international matches between 1965 and 1982, including the 1968 and 1976 Olympics and important matches at the Mexico 1970, Argentina 1978 and Spain 1982 World Cup Finals. He was also a linesman (now assistant referee) for the 1982 World Cup Final in Spain. He is considered by some[who?] to be one of the very best referees to officiate at international level.[1]

Joseph Edward Bromberg (December 25, 1903 – December 6, 1951) was a Hungarian-born American character actor in motion picture and stage productions dating mostly from the 1930s and 1940s.

Samuel Zauber (9 January 1901 Temesvár – 10 June 1986 Jerusalem) was a Romanian football player who was on the Romanian national football team for the first ever FIFA World Cup in 1930. Since 1964 he lived in Jerusalem, in Israel.

George Lusztig (born Gheorghe Lusztig, May 20, 1946) is a RomanianAmerican mathematician and Abdun Nur Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He was a Norbert Wiener Professor with the Department of Mathematics from 1999 to 2009.

Michael Harish (Hebrew: מיכאל חריש‎, born 28 November 1936) is a former Israeli politician who served as Minister of Industry and Trade between 1992 and 1996. Since 23 January 2011, he has served as the temporary chairman of the Labor Party, following the resignation of Ehud Barak as party chairman.[1]

Rudolf ‘Rudy’ Wetzer (17 March 1901 – 13 April 1993) was a Romanian football player and manager. He was the captain and team-coach alongside Octav Luchide, under the management of Costel Rădulescu of the first Romanian side to participate in a FIFA World Cup. He was of Jewish ethnicity.[1]

Wilhelm Stepper-Tristis (born Wilhelm Stepper; his given name is also rendered as Vily, Vilmos or William; 3 September 1899 – ?) was an Austro-Hungarian, Hungarian and Romanian novelist, journalist, and literary critic. He wrote his works in German, Hungarian and French. A communist militant during his youth, he actively supported the Hungarian Soviet Republic, and, during the interwar period, was a prominent figure in the cultural life of Timişoara city. His first novel, Brom-Delirium, was a critically acclaimed portrayal of Bohemian lifestyles.An anti-fascist, Stepper-Tristis traveled extensively throughout Europe, preaching pacifism and drawing support for the League of Nations. He lived for a while in France, but was mostly reduced to homelessness and vagabondage. He joined the French Resistance following the occupation of France by Nazi Germany, was captured, and probably died in a concentration camp.

Charles Bruck (2 May 1911 – 16 July 1995) was a HungarianFrench conductor. Bruck was born in Temesvár, Kingdom of Hungary, Austro-Hungarian Empire, since 1920 Timişoara, since 1920 in Romania. He left Romania in 1928 for a year of studies in Vienna, then travelled on to Paris. There he studied with Alfred Cortot, Nadia Boulanger and Vlado Perlemuter at the Ecole Normale de Musique. In 1934 he began studies with French conductor Pierre Monteux, following him to San Francisco where Bruck served as Monteux’s assistant.After the Second World War, Bruck assumed chief conductor positions with the Orchestra of the Netherlands Opera in Amsterdam (1950–1954), the Orchestre Philharmonique de Strasbourg (1955–1965), and the Orchestre Philharmonique de l’ORTF in Paris (1965–1970). In 1969, he succeeded Monteux as director of his conducting school in Maine, a post he held for twenty-six years until his death there in 1995.

Peter George Oliver Freund (born 7 September 1936) is a professor emeritus of theoretical physics at the University of Chicago. He has made important contributions to particle physics and string theory. He is also active as a writer. was born, raised and educated in the Romanian city of Timişoara. Because of his participation in an anti-Soviet demonstration in November 1956, Freund was arrested by the communist security police, the Securitate. In 1959 he managed to leave Romania. Freund obtained his PhD in theoretical physics at the University of Vienna, with Walter Thirring as his thesis adviser. Since 1965 Freund has been on the faculty of the University of Chicago. He lives in Chicago with his wife Lucy, a clinical psychologist. They have two daughters, both married (Pauline, an attorney in Seattle and Caroline, an economist in Washington, D.C.), as well as five grandchildren.

Ezra Fleischer (Hebrew: עזרא פליישר) (born 14 July 1928; died 25 July 2006) was a Romanian-Israeli Hebrew-language poet and philologist.  was born in 1928 in Timişoara, in the Banat region of western Romania, and studied in the Jewish school that his father, Judah Loeb Fleischer, had founded in 1918. After World War II, Fleischer was active in the Bnei Akiva movement in Romania and was imprisoned for his Zionist activities. While in prison, he wrote an epic Hebrew poem, “Massa Gog,” in which he predicted the downfall of Communism. The poem was smuggled out of Romania and was published in Israel, under a pen name, where it caused somewhat of a “literary sensation”. In 1960, Fleischer emigrated to Israel, where he researched medieval Hebrew literature. He received a doctorate from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, where he also subsequently lectured until 1997.He was also the director of the Geniza Research Institute for Hebrew Poetry of the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities.

Myriam Yardeni (Hebrew: מרים ירדני) (born 27 April 1932 in Timișoara – deceased on 8 May 2015) was an Israeli historian and scholar of French history.[1] She was professor of general history at the University of Haifa. Myriam Yardeni was born as Marika Jakobovits in Timişoara, in the Romanian multiethnic region of Banat, to a middle-class Jewish family. In 1950, she immigrated to Israel.

Yehuda Yannay (Hebrew: יהודה ינאי) (b. 26 May 1937, Timișoara, Romania) is an American-Israeli composer, conductor, filmmaker and performance artist.

Andrei S. Markovits is an Arthur F. Thurnau Professor and the Karl W. Deutsch Collegiate Professor of Comparative Politics and German Studies at the University of Michigan. He is the author and editor of many books, scholarly articles, conference papers, book reviews and newspaper contributions in English and many foreign languages on topics as varied as German and Austrian politics, anti-Semitism, anti-Americanism, social democracy, social movements, the European right and the European left. Markovits has also worked extensively on comparative sports culture in Europe and North America.

Andre (Andrei) Spitzer (4 July 1945 – 6 September 1972), was a fencing master and coach of Israel‘s 1972 Summer Olympics team. He was one of 11 athletes and coaches taken hostage and subsequently killed by Palestinians in the Munich massacre.

Nicolae Blatt (24 June 1890 – 15 April 1965) was a Romanian ophthalmologist, surgeon, and medical researcher. He was the founder of the first Romanian journal of ophthalmology, “Revista de Oftalmologie” and he published numerous research papers and monographs in foreign ophthalmology journals. and foreign publications’. He was the official ophthalmologist to the Romanian Royal Court from 1931 to 1947 and during WWII secretly helped Queen Helen of Romania rescue Jewish families from concentration camps. Blatt held the positions of University Professor, Chair of the Clinic and Laboratories of the Department of Ophthalmology at the University Hospital of Timișoara, and the position of Chair of Ophthalmology at the “Institute for Specialization and Perfecting of Physicians” that was part of Carol Davila Medical University in Bucharest.

One Comment:

  1. Next week I will be in business trip in Timisoara,
    I want to attend your community activity if there are.
    Thanks,
    Matan

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